* Check for damaged/bent frame and forks – if there is visible distortion the bicycle should not be used.


Headset and Brakes

* Check the brakes work and are properly adjusted – when the brakes are fully on, the lever should have been pulled approximately half way to the handlebars.


* Check the brake levers are securely attached and the cables are not frayed.


* The brake pads should not be excessively worn and there should be at least 1mm between the pad and the rim.


* Check adjustment of headset by engaging the front brake and seeing if there is any rocking movement when gently pushing on the handlebars – there should be no movement.


Wheels and Tyres

* The wheels should run freely, with no excessive wobbles/buckles.


* Check for loose spokes by running your hand over the spokes.


* Tyres should be inflated to a reasonable pressure – manufacturer’s recommendations will be indicated on the side wall of the tyre.


* The tread should not be excessively worn and the tyres should have no splits, cracks or holes.


Hubs and Axles

* Bolts and quick release mechanisms should be securely tightened.


Saddle and Handlebars

* Check to see if either are loose, but do not use undue force.


* Saddle should be straight.


* Saddle height – the rider’s knee should be slightly bent when the ball of his foot is on the pedal, and the pedal is at its lowest point.


* Handlebars and stem should be straight and in line.


* Handlebars should have end plugs.


Pedals, Cranks and Bottom Bracket

* Check that there is no movement in the bottom bracket or cranks by holding one crank still and trying to move the other crank.


*Check that the pedals rotate freely.


Chains and Gears

* Check that the chain is lubricated properly, and it is not slack or rusty.


* Check that the gears are properly adjusted, lubricated and cables are not frayed.


BMX trick nuts

* For safety reasons these should be removed for group rides.